In starting and undertaking a certain proposal, good project planning is equal to ensuring its halfway success. After all, it envisions a project’s completion in definite stages and within a reasonable time frame. And with it comes considerable savings in time, money, and effort.
How? Since a project’s different stakeholders see eye-to-eye, they can work together with an appreciation of the bigger picture. Hence, their actions are concerted, while being kept in the loop of how their colleagues are faring. With the wealth of project planning software and technology available, costly phone calls and paper trails can be significantly reduced.
Interested? Below are examples of project planning models that could suit the needs and requirements of any team.
Fixed and continuous, six phases are involved in this classical model of system development: concept, requirements, architectural design, detailed design, coding and development, as well as testing and implementation.
It works best with well-understood and clear-defined stipulations. It may not work best with projects that require rapid development and dynamic updates.
Being a risk-reduction model, the spiral breaks a proposal in mini-projects in order to separately address major risks. After taking care of the perils, it will then convert to a waterfall model.
Tackling the issues early on will lead to the most cost-effective manner by which a project’s precariousness can be decreased. After all, as its costs increase, its risks should be decreasing.
Following the same phase as the classical pure waterfall, its modified version allows its phases to overlap whenever the need arises. Akin to the spiral minus the risks, the modified waterfall can split into sub-projects in certain appropriate phases.
Taking a cue from its name, evolutionary prototyping progresses according to the determination of its customers. This model involves multiple iterations of the process, including the gathering and analysis of requirements as well as development of design and prototype.
The customer response will define the succeeding changes and set of requirements. However, this may not be useful for projects with a strict deadline and budget constraints.
Marked as dangerous and unproductive, the code-and-fix is used when no specific methodology is enforced. There is no way to track progress, measure quality, or even determine the risks involved.
The code-and-fix can be used by those with little experience on project planning, especially for small projects that need not go through meticulous details.
In its early phases, the staged delivery may mimic the deliverables of a pure waterfall model. But its design will then be broken in order to provide different stages of detailed deployment, testing, coding, and design.
For this methodology to work, careful planning should be accounted on both technical and management levels.
Among the examples of project planning models, the evolutionary delivery stands in between evolutionary prototyping and staged delivery. It allows customers to improve interface while the structure is being put up. For this model to work, initial focus must be given to a system’s core components.